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Compensation for a criminal act


If you have been a victim of crime, you may be entitled to compensation. Criminal acts, like unprovoked assaults, leave victims traumatised and injured, both mentally and physically. The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) is the body which is responsible for making the compensation.

What is CICA?

The CICA was set-up in 2008 to offer compensation based on what is called a ‘tariff’. This means that the CICA has an injury list that they maintain that assigns a level of compensation for different types of injury.

The injury list also includes groupings of injuries that are then assigned a monetary value. The CICA also use an equation that factors in:

  • The level of suffering you have
  • The future consequences of your injury, such as your ability to work

The injury list does not only include physical injuries; some psychological injuries are also present on the injury list. If you have suffered a mental injury such as anxiety or another mental illness as a direct result of your injury, you may be able to make a claim for compensation.

Note that even if the person that caused your injury has not been convicted, you may still be able to make a claim for compensation. Your solicitor can advise you on this point of the compensation process.

If, after the CICA has given you a judgement on the compensation they feel you are entitled to, you disagree with this decision, you could appeal. If you do decide on this course of action, the help, support and representation of a solicitor is vitally important.

Bringing a claim

There are certain qualifying conditions that a victim of crime must meet in order to claim compensation. Criminal acts that occur outside of Scotland, England and Wales are not covered. So, for example, if you suffer injuries as a result of being assaulted whilst in Italy, you will not be able to claim compensation from CICA.

If you have been a victim of a crime committed in England, Wales or Scotland and have suffered injuries, you may be entitled to compensation. Criminal injury boards set out the rules for claiming compensation. There are 25 different levels of criminal injury compensation and if your injury falls within one of these 25 levels then you may be entitled to compensation. The compensation ranges from £1,000 to £250,000.

You must bring a claim for compensation within two years of suffering the injuries. The claim must be supported with medical evidence. This evidence must prove that the injuries complained of have arisen as a result of the criminal offence (e.g. an assault).

If you are injured as the direct result of a crime, you should report this event immediately to the police. This is important, as you could also be eligible for compensation from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). A personal injury solicitor can assist you in bringing a claim for compensation. They may also be able to offer you a no-win, no-fee agreement.

Have more questions? See our FAQ on criminal injuries compensation for more information.

If you would like to make a claim for compensation to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, Contact Law can put you in touch with a local specialist personal injury solicitor to assess your case. Please call us on 0800 046 1464 or complete the web-form above.

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